Spain exceeds the European average of early school dropout
What doubt fits the importance of education in all people? Complying with the different educational courses and overcoming the stages of teaching translates into a more hopeful future. For this reason, one of the missions of the public powers is to reduce the rates of school dropout.
A mission that in recent times seems to have become more difficult since the rates of school dropout they are, unfortunately, quite high within our borders. This is indicated by works such as the Report: Checking the education system in Spain and Andalusia where it is clear that these data are higher than the European average.
Abandonment of almost 19%
The data offered in this report highlight that the rate of early educational abandonment in Spain during 2017 was 18,3%. A figure that remains well ahead of the 10.6% that marks the average of ña Unoón Europea. That is, 2 out of 10 young people between the ages of 18 and 24 have, at most, the title of Compulsory Secondary Education, ESO, and do not continue their education.
Although Spain exceeds the European Union average, there has been a slight improvement comparing 2016 data with 2017 data. Last year this percentage was 19, which is a drop of 0.7% percentage points. Considering the sex of the students that stop studying in the ESO, or in previous stages, the girls present a rate of 14.5% and the chichos of 21.8%. Same trend as in Europe where they have an 8.9% and they of 12.1%.
By communities, Andalusia has the worst data. This community registered during 2017 an early school dropout rate of 23,5%, data that exceeds 10.6% percentage points the average of the European Union and in 5.2% to the rest of Spain.
How to stop school dropouts
Given the high data of school dropout in Spain it is not surprising that the education administrations have in mind different plans of action with which to stop this situation. Some of these proposals of the Ministry of Education are the following:
- Increase in the offer of Initial Professional Qualification Programs, so as to ensure that no student abandons Compulsory Secondary Education without having had the opportunity to access any of them. The purpose is that young people who do not graduate in ESO and obtain the degree years later through non-formal education, can benefit from these programs.
- Increase in the educational offer in the post-compulsory education of vocational training cycles of intermediate vocational training, plastic arts and design and sports education.
- Development by educational administrations of the measures contemplated in article 41 of the LOE so that students who have completed an Initial Professional Qualification Program, and lack of academic requirements, can access the Vocational Training Cycles of Degree Medium, and so that students in the same circumstances of the Middle Grade can access the Superior.
- Development of preventive measures and programs directed, specifically, to achieve school success among students who during the period of compulsory schooling have difficulties in obtaining the title of Compulsory Secondary Education.
- Development of specific programs for those groups in which, for various reasons, large bags of early school leaving are generated.