Problems in the development of children, learn to detect their signals
The development of the youngest is an issue that concerns every parent. Who does not want to see their children of all their abilities and skills? However, sometimes there are problems in the growth of minors and knowing how to recognize the first signs will help to solve these situations and ensure that these experiences are as important as possible. less traumatic for children.
Therefore, from the Spanish Association of Pediatrics and Primary Care, AEPap, the following tips are given to be able to recognize problems in the development of the youngest ones and to put a solution as soon as possible to these situations. From alterations in the evolution of the motor apparatus as well as at the intellectual level.
Different evolution or problems?
From AEPap point out, first of all, that not every development is identical. While there are some guidelines more or less common to every child, any deviation from it does not mean that there is a problem to attend This does not mean that there is no need to worry about certain signals that make the alarms jump, in fact, the parents become the best source of information for pediatricians.
All this information must be transmitted to the pediatricians in the corresponding visits during the development of the smallest. In the first two years of life, the revisions are quite frequent and begin in the newborn, then at the 15 days, at month, at 2, 4, 6, 12, 15 and 18 months.
These visits are very important when it comes to preventing problems when detecting the first signs and in this way save these obstacles, or work from the minute one in case of disorders such as hyperactivity. These are some of the situations in which parents should turn on alarms:
- If the child weighed at birth less than 1500 grams or was born before 34 weeks of gestation.
- If there was a problem during pregnancy or childbirth, such as: infections, suffocation situations, significant elevation of bilirubin, resuscitation or artificial ventilation.
- When the child has a genetic or metabolic disorder.
- When any situation occurs, in which the child may be deprived of stimulation or affection. (For diseases that require hospitalization, family situations etc. *)
- When there is an antecedent in the family that can be repeated.
As stated before, the presence of these signals does not mean there is a problem. What they do indicate from AEPap that in these cases it is best to take advantage of visits to the pediatrician to make these symptoms known and start a tracing:
- 1 month. The baby does not stare, does not lift his head when placed face down and is irritable without clear cause.
- 3 months. The baby presents absence of social smile, does not fix the look or interact with other children. Neither responds to auditory stimuli nor has cephalic control. Their movements show asymmetry.
- 6 months. The baby does not show interest in his surroundings or babbles. It shows little expressiveness and adapts to changes with great difficulty. It also does not manipulate objects.
- 9 months. The baby does not babble or show signs of recognizing parents. He has difficulty sitting and is unable to turn around. It can not retain the objects either.
- 12 months. He does not claim the attention of an adult or miss his parents in his absence. He does not imitate the gestures of those around him or explore his toys. He is unable to pronounce syllables or sit in a stable manner.
- 18 months. Unable to walk autonomously, presents problems when giving simple orders. It does not retain the names of the objects that are known to it and does not express emotions. Episodes of anger and difficulty to calm down.
- 2 years. He does not imitate the adults around him, is unable to point to a part of his own body and has a total absence of language. Does not understand or make orders.