Sunscreens, everything you need to know

As soon as the good weather arrives, visits to the beach and the pool are more frequent and in the backpack you can not miss the towel, the sunglasses and the sunscreen. The latter, has become a must in any weekend getaway and now you will discover why.

Little by little, society is more aware of the importance of protecting the skin from the sun's rays, but do we know how to use sunscreens correctly, how to apply them ...? Before embarking on the purchase of a sunscreen, discover everything you need to know about these essential creams.

The sunscreen that suits you best

1. Is the UVA rays the same as the UVB rays?
It is important to know the difference between UVA and UVB rays. The former are able to penetrate the skin, being the main culprits of aging, as well as the appearance of spots that become more evident over the years. On the other hand, UVB rays can cause burns on the skin and their damage is increased by the action of UVA rays, skin cancer being the worst of the consequences of sun exposure without protection.


2. What does FPS mean?
To prevent the action of these rays is essential to use creams with SPF, ie, Sun Protection Factor. Each protector has a certain factor, where FPS 15 protects from approximately 93% of the sun's rays, while FPS 30 protects 97% and FPS 50 protects up to 99%.

However, it is not only important to know the degree of protection, but also the spectrum it protects, which is why it is recommended to use broad spectrum protectors, that is, to protect both UVA and UVB rays . Although the use of this type of cream is frequent in summer, we can not forget that the sun influences our skin all year round, so the protector should not be an essential just summer.


3. Are dense creams more effective?
So far, the sun creams had a dense texture and little breathable, in other words, uncomfortable. However, the latest advances have allowed emulsion sunscreens, that is, light and comfortable textures for the skin, especially on the face. With the emulsion, the skin is not only protected from the sun, but also hydrated and regains its healthy appearance, avoiding wrinkles and skin blemishes.

On the other hand, it is interesting to have protectors resistant to water and sweat, because with moisture the cream may lose its protective capacity, facilitating the penetration of sunlight on the skin.

4. Application mode
On the way of application, this should precede the makeup and especially apply after two hours, either through protective powders, haze or even with light protective emulsions on the makeup, which will also give a juicier appearance to the face.


In addition, the skin has memory, so we must not forget to take care of it and protect it 365 days a year. Although the sun is a source of vitamin D and there are many benefits that bring us to the body, it is necessary to take it with caution and especially well protected.

Carmen Díaz. Director of the Germaine Goya center, Germaine de Capuccini center in Madrid.

Video: Everything You Need to Know About Sunscreen ☀️Wearing With Makeup + How to Apply in Skincare Routine


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