Babies to the conquest of space: its relationship with gravity
After 6 months, your baby begins to be curious to explore the space around him. You will be surprised by their movements and the skill they display to get where they want. The element that generates spatial knowledge is the body movement. Therefore, it is necessary for the baby to move, without anyone slowing down his motor development and being allowed to crawl, crawl and perform other movements.
When running, you have to control posture, maintain balance and move forward, taking into account the other elements that surround us. And all this, and a host of other things, is only possible thanks to good control of the body in space. The child achieves this spatial ability almost naturally.
The only condition is that no one stops their psychomotor development, and is especially allowed to crawl, crawl, walk on their own, run, jump, somersault, make croquettes and turns, in addition to using stilts, skates, tricycles, bicycles, swimming and a long etcetera when it is older. For your baby it is necessary to move, move and keep moving.
This is how your baby establishes the relationship with gravity
A high spatial ability, as always depends on the number of opportunities that the brain has had to experience its relationship with gravity in all possible positions, and the amount and variety of visual, auditory and tactile stimuli to which it has been exposed.
This is how neuronal networks are consolidated, allowing them to "situate themselves" in whatever position they are in. It is such an early skill that by the sixth month of pregnancy, certain parts of the inner ear (the labyrinth) begin to function, making it possible to make the child aware of his position and movement in space and which are the basis for the future development of the child. Balance.
Spatial ability since pregnancy
We can work to favor the development of spatial ability from pregnancy, talking and singing to the baby, listening to Gregorian music, patting or gently pressing on the belly, walking, dancing, swimming or simply, rocking.
Once it is born we must favor the movement of your eyes and her little head so that she learns to fix her sight on an object and then be able to follow it. A posture that facilitates the visual stimulation is: sit on the floor, resting your back on the wall, joining the legs and shrugging a little. Place the baby between the thighs and knees and place your head in the middle line, so that you can look comfortably into the eyes. Before three months, we must bear in mind that his visual field does not go beyond 30 centimeters.
Initially, the best visual exercise is to look at your eyes and talk to you, you can also make faces and gestures. As he grows up, we can show him sheets of black and white objects, move our fingers or other objects in front of his eyes, moving them away and moving them closer, from right to left, and diagonally, - thus discovering the third dimension - making them disappear outside. of your visual field or under a blanket; We can also move a flashlight through the wall, the floor and the ceiling in the dark.
Short on the floor: your baby on the carpet
During the first year, it is especially important that the child spends long periods on the floor (face up, but is also of special importance face down) as it is the means where you will discover the strategies to develop spatial ability through movement . It will be very helpful to have toys or stimuli close to him that motivate him and motivate him to start the long motor race.
It is vital to talk and talk a lot to the newborn. When talking to him while we look him in the eyes, we greatly favor the location of the sound and the control of the movements of his head. Exposure to different sources of sound will allow you to discover the site from which they come and calculate the distance to which they are located.
We can enrich this information, offering diversity of sound sources, varying the timbre the volume and the place of origin. Are good stimuli the voice of mom, dad and the one of the near beings, besides the music, (the classic and the Gregorian one of force are especially) the songs, the daily sounds and sound objects.
Finally, the tactile information helps the brain of the baby to place each of the body parts in space, an essential condition to place the objects in it. Have it in your arms, swing, caress, massage, bath and tickle and the body's own contact with the ground dragging, crawling and croquettes, -among other activities- will offer the necessary tactile information to place each of the parts of his body.
Teisa Dalmau Xiqués. Pedagogical Advisor. La Vall School