Visual therapy as a remedy to learning difficulties

Learning is not a simple process, many aspects come into play, from the environment in which the child is raised to possible problems that put obstacles in their attention at school or their senses at the time of study. An example is a view deficit that can make the student have problems when reviewing their agendas and reading the different texts of the school.

At this point we must highlight the visual therapyl as a solution to several learning difficulties in minors. A proposal made by the International Society of Optometry of Development and Behavior, SIODEC, organism that emphasizes that one of every two children that suffers from learning problems, presents some type of anomaly in this sense.


Vision and learning

SIODEC also offers other data from the study Efficacy of Visual Therapy in children with learning problems and anomalies associated with binocular vision, conducted by Elite School of Optometry and in which a total of 94 children with learning difficulties. A lot of these problems in their education was caused by these problems in their sight.

A 60% of these children with learning difficulties presented anomalies in binocular vision. That is, poor coordination between both eyes, which produces a cross-over of information that confuses the brain. At this point, the educational community is warned about the need to look at small details to be able to detect symptoms of this problem.


Between the symptom that they stand out, and that parents can also recognize the problems of reading, concentration or writing, such as skipping words, or that the child does not understand well what he reads or changes the size of the letter in the same text. Other details that can alert teachers is the difficulty of recognizing what is written on the board or constant winks when trying to identify the characters that appear on it.

Visual therapy

At this point the mission of visual therapy is, first of all, to evaluate the processing of information and the skills that the child has in this sense, and that can cause interference in the learning process of the student. It is an individualized treatment in which the patient works a series of protocolized procedures to recognize problems and create new skills and new functions in your visual system.


The application of this type of treatments could reduce the high rate of school failure in Spain. Gloria Hermida, president of SIODEC, explains that "visual therapy is a training based on the repetition of a series of exercises, both in the optometrist's office and at home, which allows to develop and improve the patient's visual conditions and, therefore, , to refine the learning problems that affect their school performance ".

Damián Montero

Video: Learning disability - definition, diagnosis, treatment, pathology


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