8 exercises to learn to learn at home
Learn to learn It includes a series of skills that require reflection and awareness of the learning processes themselves, which become the object of knowledge and, in addition, we must learn to execute them properly.
Know the mental processes involved in learning, that is, how you learn can help us integrate knowledge more effectively. The more information the student possesses about his or her own learning process, the more match and performance he or she can get to his or her study hours.
Regarding attitudes and values, motivation and trust are crucial for the acquisition of this competence. Both are strengthened from the approach of realistic goals in the short, medium and long term.
In order to learn to learn, it is essential to reach goals and this increases the perception of self-efficacy and trust, and with this the learning objectives are progressively increased. People must be able to rely on previous life experiences and learning in order to use and apply new knowledge and skills in other contexts, such as private and professional life, education and training.
8 exercises to learn to learn and do at home
1. Ensure that the child or adolescent understands the how, why and for what He has to do something, before doing it. Feel like it or not.
2. Accustom your children to run with the consequences of their actions. Both his wrong and right actions.
3. Before doing something help you think that achieving it depends on him and that he only has to focus on what he can influence: what he has to do. Without worrying about whether or not others will do what corresponds to them.
4. Think that everything can be achieved if you put the means you require. That is to say, to need it, to guess with the way of doing it and to put the effort that it demands.
5. Find something that the child sees difficult to achieve (climb a mountain, catch a fish in a lake, spend ten minutes studying, wash the dishes ...), and teach him step by step how he can.
- Start with something very attractive to him if the child thinks he is very incapable. To convince him that he needs and needs to be older, to be capable of that difficult and to achieve it. Then accompany him in the preparation of the materials.
- Describe the effort you will put and the satisfaction of the goal you will achieve. Next to him, we put, at the same time as he, the effort that we indicate and it is necessary. Until achieve it with him.
- Afterwards, congratulate him by showing him how confident we were that he would achieve it because he wanted to do it, it suited him, he needed it, he put in the effort and that's why he was capable. Show him that we knew he would get it because he was capable, but that he really became capable, when he did it. As he himself has been able to verify.
6. Trust him in increasingly difficult things at his age. That demand more and more responsibility. For example, putting in his hands a delicate vase to be moved insisting on the difficult of the operation and the responsibility he has in his hands. Wait for it to break and prove it. if so, that nothing happens, because it was an accident, but was able to run with a responsibility that another had blocked. If he does not break it he will learn that he is capable of taking the risk and being able to not break it because he really needed to not do it and he put the means to achieve it by being careful. Always start from the easiest to the most difficult.
7. Repeat this sequence for obstacles: "If you want, if you need, if you put effort ... then you can".
8. Tell him that ambitious accomplishments, They will make you happier than the mediocre ones. That the big goals are not available to all people because they do not find the means to carry them out, but of people like him, because he knows exactly how, why and for what to achieve it. That is valuable, capable, as it already is, without having to wait to be otherwise.
Advice: María Campo Martínez. Director of Kinder Schools Kimba