High capacities: the pending subject in education
In recent years, research into certain behavioral disorders such as ADHD has deepened. However, High capacities remain the unfinished business in education. Although the educational system considers this exceptionality within the attention to diversity, most professors and psychologists are not sufficiently prepared to identify and attend to the needs of gifted children who are too often confused with hyperactive children.
What are high capacities?
Highly skilled or gifted children are subjects with significantly higher than average abilities with a IQ of 125-130 points or higher. However, it is not possible to establish a generalized giftedness model because it is not only a high IQ.
We now know that there is no single model of intelligence, but that there are different types, that is, we speak of multiple intelligences and 8 different types have been established. In this way we find people who excel in one or several models of intelligence and the most exceptional, who excel in all types of intelligence in general. But all of them have high capacity for learning, a higher than average memory and a high degree of creativity.
The lack of specialization in the intelletual giftedness leads children to not be treated adequately. Depending on how you manage that intelligence will be more effective or not. And is that giftedness is more frequent than we can think. Statistics say that two percent of the population has high capacities, of which only one percent is diagnosed. The rest, in many cases, receive diagnoses that lead them to believe that they have learning problems and many others live without discovering that they are, suffering from lack of understanding of their environment and at risk of suffering from school, personal and social failure.
It would be essential that the educational system make efficient tests to all school children to identify those with high intellectual abilities. And provide all education professionals with the adequate training to meet the specific needs demanded by this group of students. We have to bear in mind that the exceptionality of high abilities does not lie in a brain loaded with innate information, but in the potential that they possess and that must be developed to be effective.
Children with high abilities: how to act
- Contact the school tutor and convey our suspicions that we believe it can be about the behavior of a gifted child.
- The tutor must contact the Department of Pedagogical Guidance.
- The counselor must do the relevant tests to confirm or rule out if he is a child with high intellectual abilities.
- We can also go to a private psychologist, specialist in high capacities, to issue a report.
- If the rating is positive and it is confirmed that the child is gifted, the center will carry out the precise educational intervention and will be able to guide the family.
Cristina Palacios Hernando. Pedagogue
More information in the bookPilar Martín Lobo, Smart Children: a guide to develop their talents and high abilities.