School absenteeism of Spanish students, higher than that of the OECD

Education has to face numerous problems, among them the absent school, that directly affect the child's future. The way in which a minor faces his academic stage will have a direct impact on his career, both at work and in terms of social position.

Among these problems that affect education, and therefore the future of students, is the truancy. In particular, in Spain, this issue requires special importance if one takes into account the levels that are reached since if the data of the last PISA report is taken into account, the number of students who do not attend school is greater than the average of the OECD.


Almost 25% of the students skipped a whole day of class

The data collected in this PISA report warn that almost 25% of Spanish students of 15 years of age recognized having skipped a whole day of class on the eve of an examination day, two weeks before this test. A figure that exceeds the OECD average, which stands at 19.7%, that is, this country exceeds this weight by almost six points.

On the other hand, 58% of Spanish students evaluated by PISA assured that I had never been late in the two weeks prior to the completion of this study. On the other hand, 27.4% acknowledged having been delayed once or twice in the entrance to the school and 8.1% who admitted having done it three or four times and 6.5% who did it more than five times in a period of time. two weeks A fact that is worrying, not only for the future of the student who avoids the classes, but for the rest of the student body.


As indicated in the PISA report if a student is late or missed an educational day, will require more attention from the teacher to reach the rest level, delaying the progress of these classmates. In addition, absenteeism can also cause a imitation effect that causes more schoolchildren to decide to miss the center on a specific day.

PISA also warns of the future that school absenteeism can augur to those who practice it: bad work and lower salaries, leaving school and having to to return at some point to them to acquire a basic degree such as Compulsory Secondary Education, ESO.

Impact of school absenteeism in studies

The PISA report has also revealed how absenteeism affects the academic life of students. According to the data of this study, those students who were absent on some day, obtained up to 27 points in the science tests that the rest of the classmates did attend the center assiduously.


Of course, PISA also recognizes that the data presented by Spain in this report have improved the previous years. In this way absenteeism has been reduced by three percentage points since 2012 and this country is far from other nations such as Italy or Montenegro, whose results reached 55 and 60% in this sense.

By Autonomous Communities, Andalusia, Canary Islands, Murcia and Extremadura are the territories that worse data of absenteeism presented with 25.9 - 27.5 - 27.1 and 25.6% respectively. On the other side of the table are Castilla y León, 16.9%, and Navarre 18,2%.

Damián Montero

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