Companies discriminate against women, according to 44% of young people
Discrimination against women in the workplace is a reality for 44 percent of young people. This is one of the main conclusions of the study Young people and employment, from their own perspective, carried out by the Reina Sofía Center on Adolescence and Youth of the FAD.
The research analyzes - through a personal survey of 2,013 young people between the ages of 16 and 29 - the expectations, needs and desires of young people in relation to their education and their prospects of entering the labor market.
The study also analyzes the opinions of young people in relation to possible situations of discrimination from a gender perspective. And it is in this issue, where more disparity exists between the opinions of boys and girls than in the rest of the issues addressed in the study (training, employment policies, expectations of finding work, emigration, etc.).
Discrimination against women in companies
Almost half of Spanish boys and girls between the ages of 16 and 29 consider that companies exercise some type of discrimination against women. Although 45 percent of respondents believe that companies do not exercise any type of discrimination based on sex, practically the same amount, that is, 44 percent of young people believe that women are discriminated against, while only 2% consider that men are discriminated against.
The data reflect that there is disparity between men and women when they come to value this issue. Among women,60% percent considers that companies discriminate against women, while only 37% of men think so. Conversely, 60% of men say there is no discrimination, proportion that it does not reach 40% among women. On the other hand, both men and women agree that men are not discriminated against, as the percentage that believes it is residual in both cases.
Situations of discrimination in the workplace
There are two specific aspects in which this discrimination is translated to women in the workplace:
1. The salary: 73 percent say that women charge less than men.
2. Access to command posts: Slightly more than half of young people, almost 53%, consider that it is another aspect of discrimination against women. 41% indicate the reconciliation of work with family life, 33% own access to work, 23% the possibilities of professional development and 9% the reconciliation of work with personal life.
The type of studies, the employment situation and the social class
These three variables mark some remarkable trends in the opinions of young people.
1. Young people with higher education and high and medium-high social class It values to a greater extent the difficulty of the woman to access command posts and to reconcile work with family life.
2. Young people of low and middle class they point out more the discrimination that the access to work itself entails for women and point to a much greater extent the discrimination with respect to the possibilities of professional development.
Marisol Nuevo Espín