Changes in children from 10 to 12 years old
The changes that are observed in children from 10 to 12 years old are many and varied, not only because this age is precisely that of change from childhood to preadolescence, but also because they always need nuances, because there are never purely chemical situations, but a mix of factors that influence each other.
In addition, there are sometimes overlaps and regressions in the evolution of a child. On the other hand, it is important to remember that the development of a child is different from that of a girl - especially from 10 to 12 years old, although they may have common characteristics in certain aspects.
From 10 to 12 years old: main changes in children
1. Physical changes in children from 10 to 12 years old
His physical development has reached maturity and harmony. It will be at the end of this period, earlier in girls than in boys, when they begin to enter puberty. In the 5th grade of Primary you can see girls who have started to be little girls and during the 6th grade, many boys will go into puberty. It is not strange that enough still retain childish body features throughout this period.
The physical development begins not to be homogenous within the same classroom, which can be a reason for complex in some. It is a subject that worries them and that leads them to measure their height frequently, etc. The games in the boys are usually of great physical activity: races, bicycle ... etc. In girls there is a strong difference between athletes and non-athletes.
2. Intellectual changes in children from 10 to 12 years old
Intellectually they are in full power of intelligence and, if there are no factors that negatively impact, they can achieve a high school performance. Although in the first part of the Primary the suspense is rare, now in the final phase of the Primary it is not strange that some students suspend for very different reasons. The fundamental reason is usually the lack of mastery of basic learning skills, but they already influence the study habits they have.
Begins to develop their capacity for abstraction which will give way to new levels of learning. If the evolution has been good, it is the time of the great readers: they master the technique well and there are hardly any external factors that make it difficult, as it will happen in adolescence. His favorite readings are usually those of adventure, but of different types in some cases according to sex.
3. Emotional changes in children from 10 to 12 years old
Affectively, they begin to suffer alterations. The boys are loud and naughty; It is not strange that they do some pranks in a group. Girls can be very talkative and noisy, but less naughty. They can present ups and downs in the states of mind, but without special temporal duration. There is a great difference between those who remain in the maturity of childhood and those who have begun the changes that announce the next puberty and adolescence.
The education of sexuality plays an important role in their affective education. They go from contempt for sex contrary to an interest - more platonic than sexual - for this one.
4. Social changes in children from 10 to 12 years old
In the evolution of their sociability is the age of the gang, which is usually of great relationship between them and exclusion to the rest. Who has not been integrated into a group can suffer isolation. The boys, if the place allows it, enjoy making cabins or places where only the gang meets with a secret password. The girls give great value to the opinion of their peers and there are strong differences due to the evolution of each one and the education received, especially in the weekend plans. The level of autonomy varies greatly from one to the other, as well as the influence of factors such as television programs seen.
Quite a few girls, and some boys, between Fifth and Sixth grade already have characteristics that indicate the end of childhood and the arrival of Preadolescence.
Advice for parents with children from 10 to 12 years old
- Before age 12 you must learn to study well and with performance. From your first course, mark a work schedule every afternoon, keeping in mind your extracurricular activities, regardless of whether or not you bring homework from the school. This habit will be essential to face ESO studies.
Advice: José Manuel Mañú Noain. Teacher