Spanish women are those who later have their first child
Spain has not reached generational replacement for 35 years. For this to happen it would be necessary to reach the level of 2.1 children per woman, something that has not been achieved in Spain since 1980. Specifically, Since 1987 the barrier of 1.5 children per woman has not been overcome.
The Spanish debut as mothers at 31.7 years average
Currently, it is also Spanish mothers who later have their first child among all the countries of the European Union. Specifically, the average age is located in the 31.7 years to debut as a mother. These are some of the data collected by the Institute for Family Policy (IPF) in its report Demography and natality in Spain 2015, which also reflects that the current average of families is calculated 1.32 children per woman, which could be even lower, 1.2 children, if we do not count on foreign mothers. Only Portugal has a lower birth rate that reaches 1.21 children per woman.
By autonomous communities, Asturias is the worst located, since it does not reach a child per woman, it stays at 0.99. It is followed closely by Canarias with 1.04 and Galicia with 1.07. On the other side of the coin is Murcia with the highest index that reaches 1.56 children per woman, followed by Navarra with 1.44 and Catalonia with 1.39.
260,000 more births are needed each year in Spain
To ensure that the generational replacement guarantees the renewal of the population in Spain, the Family Policy Institute (IPF) calculates that, at least, 260,000 more births are needed each year. And is that the injection of foreign mothers with 75,748 children born in 2014, fails to stop the plummeting the birth rate, which has fallen by 25 percent in Spain since 1980.
And that the desire of the Spaniards is to have more children: 2.3 on average, since an overwhelming majority, 91 percent believe that seeing their children grow is the greatest pleasure of life. More than half of the people surveyed, specifically 58 percent, would keep two and the 25 percent would like to have 3 children.
The natural growth of Spaniards takes 3 years in negative
The Spanish population is increasingly enviejcida. In the last 5 years, it has gone from 47 million inhabitants to 46.4, that is, we have lost some 600,000 people. And it is that currently, 1 of every 5 Spaniards, that is, 18.5 percent is over 65. This group is much higher than that of young people, since children under 15 years of age represent 15 percent of society.
On the other hand, the number of people aged 80 and over has also grown due to a longer life expectancy. This group already exceeds 6 percent, about 2.7 million people.
Marisol Nuevo Espín
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