Working during pregnancy is becoming more common
Have you been a mother and a worker? Did you continue with your full-time job while you were pregnant? This question has been asked in the United States, finding that thes women who work during pregnancy are becoming more common, a percentage that has been increasing for years in the North American country.
This is what the data from the Pew Research Center in the US, which shows how in the 1960s the percentage of women in the United States worked throughout the pregnancy It was 44 percent, but it has been increasing at a great speed since then.
In fact, the probability that an American woman worked just before the maternityit increased drastically in the 1980s, when the percentage of women who continued to work in the pregnancy of their first child reached 67 percent.
From here, the percentage has stagnated: the latest data handled by this research center that come from the United States census, show that 66% of mothers who gave birth to their first child between 2006 and the 2008 They continued working during their pregnancy.
More pregnant women work more time
But not only that, the data also indicate that Not only are there more pregnant women of their first child who are working, but they also do it for a longer time. Let's go back to the same period of time seen before: in the 60's most of the women who continued working during their pregnancy stopped doing it before the eighth month of pregnancy, while only 35 percent did it until the last month.
By contrast, by the end of 2008 the percentage had completely changed: more than 80 percent continued at their place of work until the last month, while only 18 percent stopped before this date.
According to the Pew Research Center researchers, although the data is only up to 2008, they do show a clear trend: there are more and more women who work during pregnancy, that is, it can be expected that the percentage of pregnant women who work will continue to increase.
Education, key at work during pregnancy
It is interesting to outline the profile of women who work most during pregnancy: women with a high educational level They are more likely to continue with their work while they are pregnant with their first child.
The latest available data indicate that 87 percent of pregnant women with a baccalaureate or university education worked until they had the child, while, on the other hand, only 28 percent of pregnant women without higher education continued in work until giving birth.
This data can be related to the maternity leave. And is that In the United States there is no paid maternity leave regulated by law, according to recall from the same research center. That is to say, the fact that the woman is discharged to give birth and, in the meantime, receives her salary will depend only on the decision of the company.
This explains why mothers continue to work while pregnant: they need the money because, when they take their maternity leave, they will stop receiving the much-needed salary.
A salary that, in fact, is 84 percent lower than that of men in the United States, according to the Pew Research Center, which in another investigation has already found how American mothers find more interruptions of their careers if they want take care of your family than parents. It is also very common, according to this latest study, that mothers (and not so much parents) ask for a reduction in working hours or even end up leaving work.
Angela R. Bonachera
Pregnancy calendar week by week
Click on each petal or circle to see the content of your week or trimester of pregnancy respectively.