The OECD suspends Spain in Education
The latest report on the Panorama of Educational Policy of the Organization for Cooperation and Development (OECD) suspends Spain in Education. However, it recognizes that the reforms undertaken in the last three years have paid off and progress has been made in some aspects since the implementation of the Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality.
Main bumps of the Spanish educational system according to the OECD
1. Uniformity in the system. Students learn the same content and at the same time, without attending to individual academic evaluations. As a consequence, this aspect is likely to contribute to school failure.
2. There is a big gap between the university and the world of work. The teaching in the university is more theoretical than practical and the contents are not focused on the real needs demanded by today's society.
3. Early abandonment of education. It could be motivated by the delay in the empowerment of Vocational Training and technical and vocational training courses. On the other hand, the system of repetition of courses has the potential to hinder equal opportunities and can contribute to school drop-out.
Social consequences of the doldrums in Education
1. Generation of ninis, that is, young people who neither study nor work. Spain occupies the third-to-last place of the 34 member countries in the proportion of ninis with 26.8 percent. Only Greece with 28.5% and Turkey with 31.3% surpass us. OECD technicians consider that this population must be reached soon, in which a lot of money is now being invested in training courses for the unemployed.
2. Correlation between youth unemployment and lack of preparation. In Spain, the level of youth unemployment is over 50 percent, which is almost twice the average of the European Union. On the other hand, the study draws attention to the lack of preparation of young people to meet the needs of the labor market or respond to future trends.
In the PISA tests, below the average
In Mathematics, Reading and Science in the examinations of the International Program for Student Assessment (PISA), Spain continues to score below the average of the OECD countries. The general evaluation of the secondary school is also below the average, as well as the enrollment in Vocational Training, despite recent efforts to enhance the alternatives of students from 15 years.