Learning disorders

Your child may be very curious about the world around him and may have a great intelligence, but at the time of perform the basic tasks of the school the world is on him. If you have trouble recognizing the letters of the alphabet, when reading or when solving a simple math exercise, you may have a learning disorder.

The majority of children with learning disorders have a normal or superior intelligence to the average. Frequently, the diagnosis is made during the school period.

During the first school years, the skills basic, such as attention and motivation they build pillars for learning. Children who have difficulty learning certain things tend to feel self-conscious, frustrated, angry, depressed and with low self-esteem.

Most specialists believe that the cause of learning disorders is caused by mild neurological problems that affect the way in which the brain receives, interprets and sends the information. Many believe that it is due to small abnormalities in the brain. These anomalies seem to be a common factor in families with children with learning disabilities, which suggests that there may be a genetic link.

Most common learning disorders


Dyslexia is the difficulty in acquiring and recognizing words in a fluid way and by the little or no ability to spell and decode meanings. Which leads to the child having reading difficulties and school problems.


It is a disorder of functional type that affects the quality of writing, drawing or writing, that is, the way the child has to write. The child will present a level of writing lower than expected for their school level and age, which will negatively influence their learning.


Disorder of the development in the arithmetic calculation of the child. It usually appears associated with dyslexia or digraphia, as well as attention disorders or perceptual problems. Its symptoms are presented as difficulty in carrying out the basic operations:

- Sum: he understands the notion and the mechanism but finds it difficult to automate it. Do not sum mentally and need help, such as counting on fingers, drawing with sticks
- Subtraction: to be a more complex process than the sum that includes learning to reversibility.
- Multiplication: The problem lies in the memorization of tables and mental calculation.
- Division: being combined by the previous three acquires greater difficulty.

When learning disorder is usually diagnosed

The sooner we can diagnose this disorder, the earlier we will avoid school failure. Learning disorders are usually diagnosed in the child's first years of school, as they learn to speak, write and read.

Normally, these studies are not done until the child has 5 to 7 years old and they repeat as the child grows. Teachers are the first to realize the problem, but a true diagnosis must be made by a specialist.

Noelia de Santiago Monteserín

Video: Common Learning Disabilities

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