The labor insertion: the social lift of young people
The economic crisis that began in 2007-2008 and which is currently receding has had a rather negative impact on the young population, although before starting this crisis, young people were already one of the groups with the greatest difficulty in their labor insertion. But, the level of training can improve the employability to get a job.
Most published reports on this topic conclude that training is the key to achieving a quality job or job, with higher salaries and less job insecurity. The so-called "social lift" of young people continues to function through training, a key to their labor insertion.
Factors that influence the labor insertion of young people
Finding a first job is what most young people aspire to, who fly the flag of their education through their curriculum. Accessing companies through a scholarship or an internship contract is usually the most common. These are some factors that have contributed to shine the curriculum of young people:
- School failure in its two aspects: Early school leaving that responds to different problems: personal factors, school, family and social environment and school absenteeism that occurs mainly in the compulsory stage of 3rd and 4th of ESO and can be the prelude to school failure.
Although school failure is currently declining in our country, and although it continues to be almost twice the EU average, it is helping to reduce the number of 'ni-nis'.
- Professional orientation. If we think that we are currently moving in a very changing work world, it does not make much sense to choose studies in function if there is now work in a certain specialty. But it is important to do a work of "self-knowledge" (are the expectations that the person considers valuable to develop their future work: interests, motivations, good salary, sociability, creativity, prestige, safety, personal fulfillment, etc.)
- Young people with university education they are valued positively by most companies although some think that they lack practical training, ability to solve problems, initiative, etc. But they also value companies that get experience and language improvement if they travel abroad for a while, because when they return they increase their chances of finding a better job.
It is important to increase internships in companies through agreements established with universities.
Increase the number and the economic endowment in the granting of scholarships because, due to the economic crisis, its concession and amount have decreased, affecting students with less economic capacity.
- In the case of Vocational Training the increase of students of Training Cycles stands out from some courses. According to the OECD, companies need more workers with medium-level training, with higher skills than primary education but lower than those acquired in the university. According to the same organism towards the 2020, near two thirds of the new jobs will be occupied by technical profiles, that is to say with titled of FP. Consequently, educational policies will have to further strengthen this training.
The Dual Vocational Training is an example of some studies that each academic year are increasing the number of students and linking training with work and internships in companies, receiving the student a small salary. It is estimated that approximately 40% of students who complete the training, are hired in the same company that have developed their learning.
- For the group of young people called "ni-ni", that neither study nor work and that thanks to the improvement of the current labor market their number has been reduced, since the third quarter of 2015, there is the Youth Guarantee Plan started in 2013 which is an initiative of the European Social Fund to reduce unemployment juvenile aimed at people from 16 to 25 years old or under 30 with a degree of disability, whether or not enrolled in the occupation services.
The objective is to guarantee that they receive a job offer, continuous education or a period of internship in the four months following the incorporation of the program. It is funded and scheduled for 2014-2020, with an intermediate evaluation scheduled for 2017.
Finally, in addition to the exposed factors, there are others that can help our children, such as the need for family involvement, society, the world of work and other institutions, and enhancing the values of our young people such as tolerance for frustration, resilience, perseverance, motivation and empathy among others, we can improve professional and training skills to access the employability of our youth.