Angiomas and spots on the baby's skin

And is this red spot on baby's skinand? Will it be removed? Is it something bad? There are many questions that you ask yourself if your baby appears a stain reddish, brown ... Always watch the red spots on your baby's skin very carefully and consult with the specialist to make a diagnosis and follow-up.

It is very important that you know that this type of spots on the baby they are congenital and, therefore, preventive measures can not be taken. So, it is essential that as soon as they appear, you go to the doctor. These spots do not appear by allergic reactions but are congenital.

Angiomas on baby's skin

If your baby is two weeks old and a baby has appeared salmon pink spot, do not worry, since this type of spots are the most frequent and are known as salmon angiomas, that usually appear in the eyelids, in the middle region of the forehead, in the lateral zone of the nose and in the neck, which is known as the sting of the stork, presenting a high incidence in newborns. Approximately, in 99% of the cases they disappear before the first year. It is only necessary to use sun creams and we recommend that you have peace of mind until they disappear completely.

Different types of spots on the baby's skin

1. Angioma strawberry. You go to bathe your child and you realize that a spot has appeared like a strawberry on the skin. It is another type of spot that is known as strawberry angioma. These are vascular lesions, which can appear as small, reddened spots that increase until they become a high red-colored or porpuric lesion with the appearance of a strawberry.

They usually disappear spontaneously between the second and fourth years of life. It is very important that your evolution is controlled by the dermatologist because it can generate some complications such as exaggerated growth, bleeding, ulceration or compromise of a vital organ such as eyes, mouth, etc.

2. Flat angiomas. It can also be the case that it has a spot similar to port wine known as flat angiomas. Although it affects 0.3% of newborns it is very important to do a neurological study because they may have associated neurological alterations. These types of spots do not disappear, but they can receive laser treatment when the child is approaching adolescence.

3. Stains with coffee and milk color. They are pigmented lesions of a light brown color (coffee with milk) of variable size, which usually ranges from a few millimeters to several centimeters. They do not have any importance except the aesthetic disorder that can arise. However, in case you notice that there are 6 or more of this type of spots, you should always consult with the dermatologist because it could be a syndrome that has neurological involvement.

4. Mongolian spots. They are dark brownish-blue pigmented lesions that usually appear in the lumbar region of newborns but can also occur in any other part of the body. It has a higher incidence in newborns of dark races (hence its name since the highest incidence was in the race of the Mongols, having nothing to do with Down syndrome). Do not worry, since usually between 2 and 4 years of life go spontaneously.

5. Congenital nevus. It may appear, in the perinatal period, which is the first 30 days. These lesions are brown although they may vary from light brown to dark brown. They present different sizes of smooth or rough surface that should be controlled by the specialist, since in some cases it has the potential to be malignant. Therefore, a rigorous follow-up must be carried out and in most cases they must be surgically removed before adolescence.

Advice on angiomas and other spots on the baby's skin

- It is very important that you always consult with the pediatrician and the dermatologist to make an adequate diagnosis and follow-up.

- It is essential that you use photoprotection in all injuries, regardless of its shape or size and carry it out with special attention in summer since it is the time where you should always use full protection to protect your skin from solar damage. Remember that before the year, it is not recommended that children take the sun.

- Look carefully at the changes They can be presented in the shape, size and color of the stain of your child and in the event of any alteration, immediately advance the dermatological control appointment.

Dra Cristina Villegas.Pediatric dermatology. Sanitas Millenium Center

Video: My Baby Has a Birthmark

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