Unemployment among young graduates

Jumping from one temporary job to another is, almost generally, the situation of our young people of working age. The labor situation in our country creates, even being trained, Three outings for young people: unemployment, precariousness or exile. Spain is the EU country with the most young people who neither study nor work. This figure has been growing since 2008, due to the outbreak of the crisis.

This is what the report indicates Panorama of Education 2014, which elaborates each year the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and that was presented in Madrid. If Spain compares with the rest of the 34 countries that make up the EU, it achieves the sad result of being the second country with the highest percentage of young people who do not study or work.

In addition to being a much higher figure than the OECD average, Spain is one of the countries that are accumulating unemployed young people while the rest of the countries present improvements in their situation. In 2010, 23.8 percent of young people were ninis. A year later, the figure increased to 24.4 percent. And today, it amounts to 25.79 percent. These percentages are translated to almost 1.7 million young Spaniards who are unemployed they do not study on the verge of turning 30, out of a total of 7.6 million, according to Eurostat data.

Temporary jobs in young people

More than 60 percent of contracts for workers between 15 and 25 years are temporary. And more than half of those who are unemployed part-time would like to work more hours, adds OECD. But the problem lies in the fact that the more hours worked, the higher the salary will be and the closer it will be to comply with the minimum interprofessional salary, but that would have negative effects on companies.

On the other hand, when analyzing the percentages, we must bear in mind that several of the young people involved in the youth unemployment rate may be unemploying an office unofficially, with verbal contracts, and therefore, outside the officiality.

From higher education to unemployment

Having gone through college or having a higher professional education has ceased to be a guarantee to find work today. The gap of the ninis grows since 2008 in all Spanish educational levels, increasing the number of university students without employment, or continuity in the classrooms.The unemployment rate of university Spaniards and with professional training (FP) amounts to 14 percent, while the average of the European countries collected by the OECD is 5 percent.

However, we want to underline that following the training studying a career continues to bring benefits in other areas: university graduates achieve higher salaries, are more likely to achieve success, and satisfaction in social aspects, such as trust or recognition.

Noelia de Santiago Monteserín


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